Resources by Language: English


Fulfilling our promise to young people today (2013-2015) Progress Review

This report presents progress made after two years of implementation of the ESA Commitment (2013-2015). Significant progress has already been made thanks to concerted action by governments, civil society, and development partners at national and regional level. The data presented was obtained and validated through a multi-sectoral country reporting process as stipulated by the respective coordination mechanisms of the ESA Commitment.

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2016 Calendar: A parent’s guide to comprehensive sexuality education

From television and radio programmes, the internet, movies and friends, young people, including your child, are being exposed to untrusted information everywhere - and it’s often inaccurate. Your child needs the right information about their sexuality so they can make informed and safe decisions about their life and future.

This calendar is part of an initiative to ensure that your child, among other young people in Eastern and Southern Africa are receiving accurate information about their sexual and reproductive health. Developed for parents and guardians across the region, this tool is a practical guide to help talk to your children about comprehensive sexuality education. Talking to your child about sexuality may not always be easy, but this calendar will help you get the conversations started, providing some ideas and activities you can do throughout the year.

2016 Calendar

Adolescents HIV Prevention and Treatment Toolkit for Eastern and Southern Africa

As teachers, school councillors and other professionals in schools, you will have young people in your classes or school who are HIV positive and on HIV treatment and may need your support. You will also have young people affected by HIV, living with HIV positive family members or friends, who will also need this support.
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Teacher Training Module

Regional Module: Teacher Training on Comprehensive Sexuality Education for East and Southern Africa

The module was developed as a resource to support pre–service training of teachers for the delivery of school–based sexuality education in East and Southern Africa. Designed for trainers who are delivering pre–service training on sexuality education in the region, the material provides a core set of lesson plans to equip teachers with the basic knowledge and skills necessary to deliver effective sexuality education in the classroom. While the material is focused on training teachers for school–based sexuality education, the material can be adapted to out–of–school environments. (more…)

Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Teacher Training in Eastern and Southern Africa

Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Teacher Training in Eastern and Southern Africa

Since 2010, the UN Interagency Task Team for young people in the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region has supported Ministries of Education (MOEs) in the ESA region to strengthen the sexuality education (SE) component of current life skills-based HIV education programmes. This collaboration has been instrumental in moving the comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) agenda forward.

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Affirmed and Endorsed ESA Commitment

Affirmed and Endorsed ESA Commitment

The historic ESA commitment was endorsed at the 2013 ICASA Conference and has time- bound actions and targets that were agreed upon by member states. Countries that endorsed the commitment include Angola, Botswana, Burundi, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

English | French | Portuguese
Accountability Framework

Accountability Framework

The Accountability Framework will be the guiding outline that helps to track country progress and ensure targets are being met across the region. This is championed and led by the Regional Economic Communities from SADC, EAC and COMESA. Accountability is also supported by UN bodies, Civil Society Organizations and young people.

English | French (Coming Soon) | Portuguese (Coming Soon)
Year in Review: 2014 Progress

Year in Review: 2014 Progress

This report is a summary of progress since this landmark ESA Ministerial Commitment was made. It presents the priorities and progress made during the past 12 months at both national and regional levels with specific focus on the targets and accountability framework.

English | French | Portuguese
Young People Today: Time to Act Now Summary Report (2013)

Young People Today: Time to Act Now Summary Report (2013)

This report is the summary of an in-depth Regional Report on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual reproductive health information and services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern Africa. The statistics gathered for this report helped identify recommendations for the region and informed the development of ESA Commitment targets.

English | French | Portuguese (Coming Soon)
Synthesis Report on the Demographic Dividend in Africa (2015)

Synthesis Report on the Demographic Dividend in Africa (2015)

If birth rates in Africa decline rapidly, as it has been the case in other regions, the age structure will change to one dominated by more young people of working age. Coupled with the positive economic outlook for the continent, the change in the age structure will provide enormous potential for economic growth and structural transformation if African countries make the right investments in human and social capital for youth development. These potential gains can be realized through a demographic dividend, which refers to the accelerated economic growth that countries can harness as a result of the change in age structure following demographic transition.

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Sexuality Education: A Ten-Country Review of School Curricula

Sexuality Education: A Ten-Country Review of School Curricula

This collaborative regional curriculum scan, which was conducted in 2011, seeks to assess the content, quality, and delivery methods of sexuality education (SE) curricula in ten ESA countries and aims to ensure that the reviews help countries to develop curricula designed to not only increase comprehensive knowledge among young people, but to empower them to adopt protective behaviours, such as refusing unwanted sex, delaying sex, using condoms and testing for HIV.

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SRH and HIV Linkages Compendium: Indicators and Related Assessment Tools

SRH and HIV Linkages Compendium: Indicators and Related Assessment Tools

The Steering Group developed a theory of change, which was used to identify and assess indicators and related assessment tools to measure SRH and HIV linkages and provide a thematic structure to the compendium. The areas in the theory of change can broadly be categorised as outputs (enabling environment, integrated service delivery and stronger health systems), outcomes (reduced stigma and discrimination and gender-based violence, increased access to and utilisation of services, improved efficiency) and impact (improved health, human rights and quality of life).

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Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

Recognizing the realities of young adolescent girls’ and boys’ lives—and particularly their need to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities—is crucial for building the foundations of a safe passage through adolescence into adulthood.

English | French | Portuguese
What does not work in adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices

What does not work in adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices

There was little evidence based on research or practical experience on effective ways of providing young people with information, education, and health services, or equipping them with skills to protect them from risks.

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The linkages between the MDGs and comprehensive sexuality education for young people

The linkages between the MDGs and comprehensive sexuality education for young people

Comprehensive sexuality education seeks to empower and equip young people with the knowledge, skills, and tools they need to determine and enjoy their sexuality – physically and emotionally, individually and in relationships. It views ‘sexuality’ holistically and within the context of emotional and physical development.

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Addressing sexual health in schools: policy considerations

Addressing sexual health in schools: policy considerations

Because human sexuality is a normal, natural part of human development and there are significant biological, social and emotional milestones that occur during the school-age years, schools will invariably be dealing with sexuality-related issues among their student population.

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International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (Volume 1)

International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (Volume 1)

Few young people receive adequate preparation for their sexual lives. This leaves them potentially vulnerable to coercion, abuse and exploitation, unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Many young people approach adulthood faced with conflicting and confusing messages about sexuality and gender. This is often exacerbated by embarrassment, silence and disapproval of open discussion of sexual matters by adults, including parents and teachers, at the very time when it is most needed.

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International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (Volume 2)

International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (Volume 2)

Effective sexuality education can provide young people with age-appropriate, culturally relevant and scientifically accurate information. It includes structured opportunities for young people to explore their attitudes and values, and to practise the decision-making and other life skills they will need to be able to make informed choices about their sexual lives.

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Positive Learning (2012)

Positive Learning (2012)

There are an estimated 5.4 million YPLHIV worldwide (UNAIDS, 2010) and 45% of new HIV infections occur among 15-24 year olds (WHO, 2009). Young people living with HIV have diverse, complex and changing needs. While they may share certain needs in common with both younger children and older adults, there are specifi c issues that they face linked to their evolving capacity, their physical and emotional development and the transition from protected childhood into independent adulthood.

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It's all one vol 1

It’s All One Curriculum Volume 1

This is a practical resource for curriculum development, particularly in the areas of gender, sexuality, and HIV. The ultimate goal of It’s All One Curriculum is to develop the capacity of young people to enjoy —and advocate for their rights to— dignity, equality, and responsible, satisfying, and healthy sexual lives.

English | French
It's all one vol 2

It’s All One Curriculum Volume 2

As important as what information is taught is how we teach it. The most effective methods for teaching about sexuality, HIV, gender, and rights are participatory, learner-centered educational methods. Indeed, such methods help prepare young people for living —and promote their health and happiness— in a complex and changing world.

English | French
UNFPA Operational Guidance for CSE (2014)

UNFPA Operational Guidance for CSE (2014)

This document guides UNFPA’s support to governments and other partners as CSE programmes, both in and out of school, are designed, implemented and evaluated. Building on current standards, it outlines steps to identify priorities, implement actions and evaluate outcomes.

English | French
Comprehensive Sexuality Education- the challenges and opportunities of scaling up

Comprehensive Sexuality Education- the challenges and opportunities of scaling up

There are strong arguments for investing in and implementing comprehensive sexuality education programmes and for scaling these programmes up. According to the 2011 UN Millennium Development Goals Report (UN, 2011), nearly 23 per cent of people living with HIV globally are under the age of 25.

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Measuring the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS

Measuring the Education Sector Response to HIV and AIDS

Education contributes to knowledge and personal skills that are essential for HIV prevention. In countries with a generalized HIV epidemic, the education sector also contributes to mitigating the impact of AIDS on students, education personnel, their families and communities. Monitoring and evaluating the role of education in the response to the HIV epidemic is important for countries to improve their policies and school-based programmes.

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WHO Making health services adolescent friendly

WHO Making health services adolescent friendly

This Guidebook sets out the public health rationale for making it easier for adolescents to obtain the health services that they need to protect and improve their health and well-being, including sexual and reproductive health services.

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A Standards-driven approach to improve the quality of health-care services for adolescents

A Standards-driven approach to improve the quality of health-care services for adolescents

Global initiatives are urging countries to prioritize quality as a way of reinforcing human rights-based approaches to health (iERG, 2013). Yet, evidence from both high- and middle-low income countries shows that services for adolescents are highly fragmented, poorly coordinated and uneven in quality (WHO, 2014). Evidence suggests that adolescents experience many barriers to health care (WHO/UNAIDS, 2015).

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Best Practices for Youth Friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in Schools

Best Practices for Youth Friendly Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in Schools

Schools are in a unique position to provide their students comprehensive health services and referrals to community-based health centers, due to their accessibility to students and their ability to provide health education and services targeted specifically for young people.

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Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 1

Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 1

This document aims to inform and assist national public health programme managers, facility managers, health-care providers, national bodies in charge of quality improvement, as well as individuals and organizations supporting their work, such as development agencies, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and the commercial sector.

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Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 2

Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 2

This volume, the Implementation guide, provides detailed guidance on identifying what actions need to be taken to implement the standards at the national, district and facility levels. It can be used to develop checklists to assess the status of implementation.

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Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 3

Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 3

This volume, Tools to conduct quality and coverage measurement surveys to collect data about compliance with the global standards, includes tools to determine whether the implementation of the standards has been achieved.

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Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 4

Global standards for quality health care services for Adolescents Vol 4

This volume, Scoring sheets for data analysis, is to be used in conjunction with the monitoring tools in Volume 3. Using this data analysis method, countries can determine compliance with quality standards.

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Political Leaders: know more about CSE and youth friendly services

Political Leaders: know more about CSE and youth friendly services

Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is culturally and age appropriate information that teaches young people about sexuality and sexual and reproductive health issues.

English | Nyanja | Portuguese | Sesotho | Swahili
Religious Leaders: know more about CSE and youth friendly services

Religious Leaders: know more about CSE and youth friendly services

Religious leaders have the welfare of their communities at heart. Comprehensive sexuality education is culturally and age appropriate information that teaches young people about sexuality and sexual and reproductive health issues.

English | Nyanja | Portuguese | Sesotho | Swahili
Traditional Leaders: know more about CSE and youth friendly services

Traditional Leaders: know more about CSE and youth friendly services

Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) is culturally and age appropriate information that teaches young people about sexuality and sexual and reproductive health issues.

English | Nyanja | Portuguese | Sesotho | Swahili
Providing young people with sexual reproductive health services: A guide for health service providers

Providing young people with sexual reproductive health services: A guide for health service providers

Some common communication barriers prevent service providers from providing sexual and reproductive health services to young people. This leaflet includes suggestions to help you overcome those barriers and support young people effectively.

English | Nyanja | Portuguese | Sesotho | Swahili
How comprehensive sexuality education supports a better healthier future: An information booklet for communities

How comprehensive sexuality education supports a better healthier future: An information booklet for communities

This handbook provides information for parents, caregivers, community leaders, youth group and religious leaders, community members, teachers and others involved in the welfare and development of children. It explains what good comprehensive sexuality education for children is all about and why communities should support young people’s access to sexual and reproductive health services.

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How to hold CSE dialogues with communities

How to hold CSE dialogues with communities

This Guide to Community Dialogues describes the process of organising and running a community dialogue around the issues of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) for children and young people. Community dialogues on CSE are ways of building community support and understanding of the benefits and importance of CSE for children and young people.

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Capacity building in CSE community outreach

Capacity building in CSE community outreach

This manual is intended as a resource for all stakeholders involved in comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) roll-out and support in- and out-of-schools. It hopes to further encourage the multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder initiatives that can lead to successful implementation of comprehensive sexuality education programmes at regional, national and local levels.

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Engaging Communities in CSE: Toolkit Guide

Engaging Communities in CSE: Toolkit Guide

This toolkit has been developed to provide practical information and advice to community members on how to support children and young people to access appropriate sexuality, HIV and AIDS information and services – to promote improved access to comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) amongst young people and support their better health outcomes.

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Brochure: Talking to your kids

Brochure: Talking to your kids

Adolescence is marked not only by physical changes, but also important behavioural and emotional ones. Young people need information about the changes in their bodies and about sexuality to help them make informed decisions. Parents and guardians need to start these conversations.

English | Nyanja | Portuguese | Sesotho | Swahili
Brochure: Talking to your parents

Brochure: Talking to your parents

Adolescence is a time of huge physical, behavioural and emotional changes. Comprehensive sexuality education means getting age-appropriate information about these changes and about sexuality, including: values, attitudes and skills; having relationships; culture and society; human rights and human development; sexual behaviour and sexual and reproductive health.

English | Nyanja | Portuguese | Sesotho | Swahili

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