Net enrollment rates for primary school education are almost universal in Botswana, with higher enrollment rates for females than males. A 50% decline in secondary school attendance for both males and females indicates that educational enrollment needs to be further supported and encouraged. However, educational attainment in Botswana is relatively high compared to other countries in the region. Both primary and secondary school levels have a Life Skills education curriculum and provide HIV and comprehensive sexuality education with support from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the local government. The second Botswana National Strategic Framework 2010-2016 highlights the need to reach younger populations with HIV prevention programmes, which includes scaling-up key HIV education programmes and curricula in all educational institutions.


Various sexual and reproductive health services are provided in Botswana and most women, particularly young women, have access to them. One of the pivotal components of these health services is family planning and access to contraceptives. In addition, Botswana’s antiretroviral drug (ARV) access is widely seen as a best practice in the region. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, 95% of individuals eligible for treatment have access to it. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission therapy is available to all pregnant women at a government facility free of charge. The safe male circumcision programme was introduced in 2009 to promote the increase of male circumcision in Botswana. During July and September of 2007, nearly 1.9 million male condoms were distributed by government health facilities, while Population Services International sold and distributed more than 6.8 million condoms.

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