Number of new HIV infections among adolescent girls and boys (15-19) and young women and men (20-24)
Target for 2017: Reduce by 50%
Target for 2020: Reduce by 75%
Source: UNICEF 2011
The adult literacy rate has been rising since 2005 with girls having slightly higher rates than boys, especially in rural areas. However, almost 25% of the population aged 15 and above have never attended school. Comprehensive sexuality education is taught in a stand-alone curriculum at the primary level, where the Life Skills Series is taught in year 2,5 and 6. Primary education was identified as a crucial access point for HIV-prevention because the enrollment rates were so high. Topics include HIV prevention and combating HIV-related stigma and discrimination.
HIV prevalence remains high in Mozambique, although levels have slightly lowered in the 15-24 age group. The high prevalence of child marriage in the country exposes young girls to the risk of early pregnancy, HIV and STIs. In addition, this along with teenage pregnancy and lower status of girls leads to higher school drop out rates for girls.
In 2010, 500,619 adolescents and young people were served by youth-friendly clinical services. This allowed for a huge increase in knowledge and access to health service needs, including HIV testing. Many health facilities and mobile clinics are operational across the country with treatments for STIs, mother and child healthcare and other general medical supports. However, there is still concern around service inefficiencies including inconvenient locations and operational hours, long wait times and costs and shortages of medicines.
(Demographic and Health Survey 2011)
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