Number of new HIV infections among adolescent girls and boys (15-19) and young women and men (20-24)
Target for 2017: Reduce by 50%
Target for 2020: Reduce by 75%
Source: UNICEF 2011
The education system in South Sudan is embryonic and over-stretched. There is a severe shortage of trained primary school teachers. The adult literacy rate is very low and is even lower amongst the 15-24 year-olds at 42%. Plans are underway for a national curriculum review, which will lead towards an incorporation of life skills into the curriculum. A Life Skills Program funded by UNICEF is currently being developed by the Ministry of General Education; it will include modules in human rights, gender equality, gender-based violence reproductive health and comprehensive sexuality education.
South Sudan has some of the lowest health indicators in the world. Less than 40% of the population has access to any form of health care. HIV prevalence among the 15-49 year olds is estimated at 3%. Knowledge is also low for HIV/AIDS, while the practice of risky sexual behavior is very high. Cultural and gender norms, high rates of early marriage and teenage pregnancy only exacerbate this situation.
The National Reproductive Health Strategic Plan (2011-2015) is working to ensure youth and adolescents have access to quality and comprehensive youth friendly sexual and reproductive health services and education.
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