The education is centralized, consisting of 2 years of pre-school, 7 years of primary and 6 years of secondary school before university.

The Ministry of Education, Sport, Arts and Culture launched the Life Skills, Sexuality, HIV and AIDS Education Strategy (2012-2015) to help guide the delivery of Life Skills-based HIV and comprehensive sexuality education to students. This curriculum is compulsory in all primary, secondary and tertiary education institutions. There have also been efforts to ensure religious, community and traditional leaders support the HIV prevention approach adopted by the education sector.


The National Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy that has been established (2010-2015) provides a standard framework for sexual health and highlights three different approaches: health facility-based, school-based and community-based models.

Although adult HIV prevalence has shown a consistent decline, levels are still relatively high at 15.3%. HIV transmission is mainly sexually driven with new infections primarily occurring in 20-29 year olds.

Notable barriers to access to services provided include: service fees, infrastructural limitations, inconsistencies and contradictions in policies and legal instruments. However, young people-friendly services are becoming more established with 237 health facilities available.

Updates and Stories

Workshops held at The National Cultural Festival in Mozambique

20 October, 2014   |   Blog, Events, Our people, Technical Coordination Group

Every two years, the Ministry of Culture organizes the National Cultural Festival in the province of Inhambane in Mozambique. The festival hosts domestic and international artists, cultural agents, and practitioners for a weeklong celebration of dive...


Education plays key role in ending teenage pregnancy across Eastern and Southern Africa

6 November, 2014   |   Blog, Our people, Technical Coordination Group

Every girl has the right to complete a quality education – however, the realities are that many do not make it through to their graduation. Teenage pregnancy is a significant cause to increased school dropout, with persistently high rates across E...


Take a stand on World AIDS Day

1 December, 2014   |   Blog, Our people

Today marks World AIDS Day. Every year, December 1st is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection. According to UNICEF there were 2.1 million adolescents (10–19 years) living with HIV in 2013, 8...

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Wonderful to have young reporters asking their questions to our high level panelists today at @UNESCO #UNESCO dialogue hosted by South Africa's Dept of Basic #Education on scaling up #comprehensivesexualityeducation #CSE #CSENOW #YouthSRHNow Children's Radio Foundation #SaveTheChildren

[Photos by Czerina Patel]

Unesco Regional Office for Southern Africa
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Group photo of some following today's UNESCO High Level Policy Dialogue on #comprehensivesexualityeducation hosted by the Department of Basic Education in South Africa ! #ESACommitment #YouthSRHNow #CSENow #sexualityeducation #knowledgeispower

[Photos by Czerina Patel]
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‪#UNESCO Regional Director of #EastAfrica Ann Therese Ndong-Jatta & #Sweden Education Minister Gustav #Fridolin on SAFMNews Channel 404 this morning talking about the urgent need for govts to commit to #comprehensivesexualityeducation #CSE #CSENow #YouthSRHNow‬

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