Number of new HIV infections among adolescent girls and boys (15-19) and young women and men (20-24)
Target for 2017: Reduce by 50%
Target for 2020: Reduce by 75%
Source: UNICEF 2011
The education is centralized, consisting of 2 years of pre-school, 7 years of primary and 6 years of secondary school before university.
The Ministry of Education, Sport, Arts and Culture launched the Life Skills, Sexuality, HIV and AIDS Education Strategy (2012-2015) to help guide the delivery of Life Skills-based HIV and comprehensive sexuality education to students. This curriculum is compulsory in all primary, secondary and tertiary education institutions. There have also been efforts to ensure religious, community and traditional leaders support the HIV prevention approach adopted by the education sector.
The National Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy that has been established (2010-2015) provides a standard framework for sexual health and highlights three different approaches: health facility-based, school-based and community-based models.
Although adult HIV prevalence has shown a consistent decline, levels are still relatively high at 15.3%. HIV transmission is mainly sexually driven with new infections primarily occurring in 20-29 year olds.
Notable barriers to access to services provided include: service fees, infrastructural limitations, inconsistencies and contradictions in policies and legal instruments. However, young people-friendly services are becoming more established with 237 health facilities available.
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