Number of new HIV infections among adolescent girls and boys (15-19) and young women and men (20-24)
2017: Reduce by 50%
2020: Reduce by 75%
Source: UNICEF, 2011
Education attainment is generally low, which is reflective of the 20-year civil war that Angola has emerged from. The progression rate to secondary school is low particularly for females. Among women ages 15-49, 25% have never been to school, 57% have had some primary education, and 19% have had secondary or higher education. Secondary school attendance needs to be supported and encouraged; so it is crucial that young people who are out of school are targeted. There has been an effort in Angola towards providing sexuality education for young people since 1991 with the establishment of a programme that promotes sexuality and reproductive health education in schools. A HIV and AIDS component was introduced after 2000 and though educators were trained in this area it appears to be less integrated.
Data collected from women attending antenatal clinics suggests that the intensity of the HIV epidemic varies among Angola’s different provinces, with the highest rates of infection occurring in the areas bordering Namibia, along the transport route to Luanda, and along the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo; with the lowest rates being found in the centre of the country. However, with an estimated 2% of the adult population living with HIV, Angola has one of the lowest HIV prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa. Strides are being made by the government to provide adequate health services moving forward. Currently, there is access to HIV testing and counseling (HCT) and post-abortion services; however, these are currently limited to specific geographic locations. The government has indicated an additional push to remote areas, although there are still issues around technical staff and their capacity.
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