About 70% of Swaziland’s population lives in rural areas. It is also a very young country with approximately 48% under the age of 15 years old. The country’s education expenditure is 11.1% of GDP, while health expenditure is 2.3% of GDP.


Attendance at primary and secondary schools is relatively high, with girls exceeding boys in attendance rates overall. In South Sudan, formal education institutions are the most appropriate means for access to comprehensive sexuality education. The 2010 Education Sector Policy initiated a formal guidance and counselling syllabus that focused on age-appropriate and youth friendly health education in schools. In addition, HIV and AIDS have been a compulsory element of students’ education.


Young people centers have been established in many communities in the country, providing information and counselling services on HIV.  As well, antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) are available free of charge to the public at various health facilities.

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