Synthesis Report on the Demographic Dividend in Africa (2015)

Synthesis Report on the Demographic Dividend in Africa (2015)

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If birth rates in Africa decline rapidly, as it has been the case in other regions, the age structure will change to one dominated by more young people of working age. Coupled with the positive economic outlook for
the continent, the change in the age structure will provide enormous potential for economic growth and
structural transformation if African countries make the right investments in human and social capital for
youth development. These potential gains can be realized through a demographic dividend, which refers
to the accelerated economic growth that countries can harness as a result of the change in age structure
following demographic transition.

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