Resources

ESA COMMITMENT RELATED RESOURCES

Want to know more about the commitment? Here are some resources to get you started.

Affirmed and endorsed ESA Commitment

The historic ESA commitment was endorsed at the 2013 ICASA Conference and has time- bound actions and targets that were agreed upon by member states. Countries that endorsed the commitment include Angola, Botswana, Burundi, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

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Accountability Framework

The Accountability Framework will be the guiding outline that helps to track country progress and ensure targets are being met across the region. This is championed and led by the Regional Economic Communities from SADC, EAC and COMESA. Accountability is also supported by UN bodies, Civil Society Organizations and young people.

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PROGRESS REPORTS

How are countries doing on the ESA Commitment? Download the latest reports or go to the Country Progress page for further and more up to date details. Stay tuned for the 2015 Report, which will be launching July 2016.

Year in Review: 2014 Progress

This report is a summary of progress since this landmark ESA Ministerial Commitment was made. It presents the priorities and progress made during the past 12 months at both national and regional levels with specific focus on the targets and accountability framework.

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RESEARCH ON YOUNG PEOPLE

What trends and current research has been conducted on young people’s access to sexuality education and related health services? Here are resources that may help you.

Young People Today: Time to Act Now Summary Report (2013)

This report is the summary of an in-depth Regional Report on comprehensive sexuality education and sexual reproductive health information and services for adolescents and young people in Eastern and Southern Africa. The statistics gathered for this report helped identify recommendations for the region and informed the development of ESA Commitment targets.

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Synthesis Report on the Demographic Dividend in Africa (2015)

This document is a product of a strategic partnership between the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) for advancing research, knowledge and practice in order to address and transform the challenges related to the demographic dividend into concrete opportunities for Africa’s people-centred and sustainable development.

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Sexuality Education: A Ten-Country Review of School Curricula

This collaborative regional curriculum scan, which was conducted in 2011, seeks to assess the content, quality, and delivery methods of sexuality education (SE) curricula in ten ESA countries and aims to ensure that the reviews help countries to develop curricula designed to not only increase comprehensive knowledge among young people, but to empower them to adopt protective behaviours, such as refusing unwanted sex, delaying sex, using condoms and testing for HIV. The ten countries included are Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

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SRH and HIV Linkages Compendium: Indicators and Related Assessment Tools

This Compendium is built around the different themes in the theory of change and includes a focused set of indicators and related assessment tools that have direct and indirect relevance to tracking the links between SRH and HIV programmes at national and sub-national levels.

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Overlooked and Uninformed: Young Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

Adolescents 10 – 14 years old make up 9 percent of the world’s population and as much as 15 percent in some low- and middle-income countries.3 Recognizing the realities of young adolescent girls’ and boys’ lives—and particularly their need to know about their bodies and their sexual rights and responsibilities—is crucial for building the foundations of a safe passage through adolescence into adulthood.

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What does not work in adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices

Youth centers, peer education, and one-off public meetings have generally been ineffective in facilitating young people’s access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, changing their behaviors, or influencing social norms around adolescent SRH. Approaches that have been found to be effective when well implemented, such as comprehensive sexuality education and youth-friendly services, have tended to flounder as they have considerable implementation requirements that are seldom met.

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POLICIES AND LEGAL/DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS

The linkages between the MDGs and comprehensive sexuality education for young people

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), agreed upon by governments of the world in the year 2000, have set the priorities for international development for the past decade. In the 10 years since the MDG targets were set, analysis indicates that there is still progress to be made on key issues relating to young people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights. The Youth Coalition addresses some of these issues in this factsheet.

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Addressing sexual health in schools: policy considerations

Addressing Sexual Health in Schools: Policy Considerations brings together years of policy, research and advocacy efforts illuminating the need for young people to have access to the sexual health education and services they need to ensure their overall health and well-being. In recent years, many states and/or local school districts have adopted policies in support of sexual health education, and an increasing number of schools are establishing linkages and referrals to health service providers.

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PRACTICE GUIDES AND STANDARDS

Comprehensive Sexuality Education

International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (Volume 1)

Based on a rigorous and current review of evidence on sexuality education programmes, this International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education is aimed at education and health sector decision-makers and professionals. It has been produced to assist education, health and other relevant authorities in the development and implementation of school-based sexuality education programmes and materials. Volume 1 focuses on the rationale for sexuality education and provides sound technical advice on characteristics of effective programmes.

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International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (Volume 2)

Volume 2 focuses on the topics and learning objectives to be covered in a ‘basic minimum package’ on sexuality education for children and young people from 5 to 18+ years of age and includes a bibliography of useful resources. The International Technical Guidance is relevant not only to those countries most affected by HIV and AIDS, but also to those facing low prevalence and concentrated epidemics.

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Positive Learning (2012)

This publication is the result of a partnership between UNESCO and the Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+). It builds upon the respective work of these organisations in relation to supporting the ideals of Education for All and the role of the education sector in the global response to HIV (UNESCO) and the Positive Health, Dignity and Prevention framework (GNP+).

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